Thursday, July 7, 2016

Interdependence to the right to sexual and reproductive health. with other human rights 3/16



9. The realization of the right to sexual and reproductive health requires that States parties also meet their obligations under other provisions of the Covenant. For example, the right to sexual and reproductive health, combined with the right to education (articles 13 and 14) and the right to non-discrimination and equality between men and women (articles 2 (2) and 3), entails a right to education on sexuality and reproduction that is comprehensive, non-discriminatory, evidence-based, scientifically accurate and age appropriate.10 The right to sexual and reproductive health, combined with the right to work (article 6) and just and favourable working conditions (article 7), as well as the right to non-discrimination and equality between men and women, also requires States to ensure employment with maternity protection and parental leave for workers, including workers in vulnerable situations, such as migrant workers or women with disabilities, as well as protection from sexual harassment in the workplace and prohibition of discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth, parenthood, 11 sexual orientation, gender identity or intersex status. 

10. The right to sexual and reproductive health is also indivisible from and interdependent with other human rights. It is intimately linked to civil and political rights underpinning the physical and mental integrity of individuals and their autonomy, such as the rights to life; liberty and security of person; freedom from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; privacy and respect for family life; and non-discrimination and equality. For example, lack of emergency obstetric care services or denial of abortion often leads to maternal mortality and morbidity, which in turn constitutes a violation of the right to life or security, and in certain circumstances can amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.12

10 A/65/162. 
11 See Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, art. 11 (1) (f) and 11 (2).
12 See Human Rights Committee Communication No. 1153/2003, Karen Noelia Llantoy Huamán v. Peru, views adopted on 24 October 2005; Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women communication No. 17/2008, Alyne da Silva Pimentel v. Brazil, views adopted on 25 July 2011; CAT/C/SLV/CO/2, para. 23; and CAT/C/NIC/CO/1, para. 16.

https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G16/089/32/PDF/G1608932.pdf

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