Sunday, March 24, 2019

Recommendations on infrastructure and provision of public services 5/5

Recommendations on infrastructure and provision of public services

  • Infrastructure development should be based on principles of respect and the promotion of human rights, guaranteeing the right of women and girls to the city, housing, water, mobility, technology information and communication.
  • The selection and prioritization of infrastructure projects should be guided by the needs of people and avoid generating processes of population displacement and dispossession of the territories, whose impacts are mostly felt by women, especially by rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women. Therefore, it is essential to generate effective participation mechanisms, binding consultation and free prior informed consent according to ILO Convention 169, that ensure that women’s voices are heard and taken into account during the entire process, starting before the design of the projects. Woman who are a part of such organization should have timely access to relevant information about the projects. Governments must guarantee the necessary financing for the proper functioning of these mechanisms.
  • Likewise, the safety of human rights defenders must be guaranteed in their defense of the territory and natural resources, respecting the intercultural nature of each area.
  • Infrastructure projects must be guided by the principle of universal accessibility, which implies that the gender perspective (contemplating diversities and intersectionalities) is considered at all stages, from the design and implementation to the monitoring of their functioning.
  • In order to guarantee the effective consideration of the gender perspective, it is essential to produce information that allows the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation about gender dimensions of infrastructure projects and the provision of public services. Likewise, it is necessary that professionals in charge of development of infrastructure projects and provision of public services be trained with respect to this perspective.
  • Effective transparency mechanisms must be managed in all infrastructure and provision of services projects, avoiding the promotion of financing mechanisms that operate outside existing standards (as is the case of many public-private partnerships in our region).
  • Corruption in the development of infrastructure deepens inequality and affects the women and girl’s quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen anti-corruption mechanisms that affect public work of sustainable infrastructure, by means of access to public information and binding mechanisms (for example, public hearings) that ensure the informed participation of women’s organizations and girls.
  • Infrastructure development and provision of public services projects must consider territorial differences and consider the diverse needs of women and girls, including the particularities of urban and rural spaces.
  • Regarding transport issues, priority must be given to quality public transport, developing accessible and affordable systems that take into account the diverse needs of all people and those specific to women and girls (extended hours, appropriate frequencies, reserved seats, protection against harassment, access for women with reduced mobility, etc.).
  • Adequate balances must be achieved between the development of transport infrastructure in central, peripheral and local areas, as well as in rural areas, with appropriate fare systems that consider inequalities, and, in all cases, focused on improving living conditions.
  • Water is a public good and its access must be guaranteed as a right. The State is responsible for ensuring safety and cleanliness of water sources, as well as their accessibility for women.
  • Implement effective mechanisms to manage the safety of women and girls in the use of public sanitation facilities and eliminate open defecation. Health services, as well as the rest of public services, must integrate management and information regarding menstrual hygiene.
  • Generate a fiscal base for investments in sustainable health systems that take into account the needs of women.
  • Ensure that the location of water sources is determined in consultation with the target users.
  • Create infrastructure to guarantee the access of women and girls from rural and urban areas to information and communication technologies.
We reiterate that, in relation to economic, social and cultural rights, there is a principle of progressivity that has as its reverse the obligation not to back down. This principle means that there are not to be effects on the thresholds and standards of social protection already acquired, not repealing or modifying current regulations to the extent that this entails reducing, impairing or in any way adversely affecting the current level of protection. In order to fulfill this task, it is necessary to improve social protection, its maintenance, and, most importantly, avoid retrogression.

PICTURE OF    María Jesús Hernánadez Sánchez

Leer más...

Friday, March 22, 2019

Recommendations in relation to rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women 4/5

Recommendations in relation to rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women

  • To improve the social protection of women living in rural areas, it is proposed to deconstruct CEDAW, so that rural women can better understand their rights and have access to such rights in their native (indigenous) languages. Implement the CEDAW in Item 14 in its articles E, D, F.
  • Adopt public policies so that rural workers, afro-descendants and indigenous receive the due protection of decent work, as it is promoted by the ILO, adopting and applying labor standards.
  • Ratify and implement ILO Recommendations: 204 on the transition from the informal economy to formal economy, 201 on domestic workers and 202 on social protection floors; and Conventions 189 on domestic work, 111 on discrimination in employment and 102 on social security.
  • The conditional cash transfer programs seek to serve the big sector of the population in the region, excluded from traditional social protection systems linked to employment. In the region are focus on households with children, and impose conditionalities (regarding school attendance and health care), are highly feminized, adding conditional compliance for women. These programs have had a positive impact in reducing extreme poverty and in improving the education and health coverage of children. However, they have also have had contradictory effects on women and therefore should be reviewed.
  • It is proposed that Public Private Partnership programs, including trade unions and civil society organizations, involve and integrate rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women, considering specially not to attempt any of public benefits existing.
  • Governments must develop and subsidize the Cooperative System. The subsidies assigned must be accessible to women and include agricultural inputs, concessions, capital, water, land and not be neutral in terms of gender.
  • Rural, indigenous and Afro-descendant women are producers and protectors of food sovereignty. States should protect intellectual property rights over their products and traditional knowledge and provide facilities for the marketing and storage of their products for their distribution and conservation. Technical assistance, training, outreach and follow up programs must be provided to design and implement marketing strategies.
  • Climate change and natural disasters are seriously endangering agricultural production, with major effects on rural, indigenous and afro-descendant women. The State has the main responsibility to protect and care about natural resources, fauna and flora (such as forests and marine fauna), industrial logging, lands, territories of over-exploitation and mining. Governments must invest in programs and activities to prevent climate change and natural disasters and take appropriate measures to ensure the provision of basic social services in situations of natural disasters, emergencies and conflict.
  • To improve rural women’s access to benefits of Social Security, a partnership between the state and the university should be developed to establish a reciprocity of disaggregated data (indigenous, gender, age, need for access to social protection benefits, credits), for a better understanding of gaps. They must also ensure that the generation of data is disaggregated by sex, gender, geographic location, ethnicity, age and other relevant characteristics that facilitate social protection, public services and sustainable infrastructure that is to be both accessible and efficient.
  • Strengthen and extend social protection mechanisms for jobs in rural areas in all forms, including informal, part-time, precarious employment and self-employment.

Leer más...

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Recommendations regarding education and health 3/5

Recommendations regarding education and health

  • The progressive reduction of public budgets aimed at ensuring social protection, basic infrastructure and particularly public education and health services has become a trend in our region. We want to remind you that social protection, health and education are fundamental human rights and that the State has a non-delegable role to ensure the financing and provision of these, and that they should not be in the hands of private actors seeking principally to accumulate capital.
  • We believe that public education and health services must be provided free of charge, with a gender perspective, intercultural and intersectional, and contribute to the transformation of the unequal power relations between women and men stereotypes and traditional roles and contributing to visualize the role of women in history. We recognize the strategic role of education policies to deconstruct hegemonic models of femininity and masculinity and prevent gender-based violence as well as that against women and girls.
  • Public health and education services must ensure universal coverage following the principles of quality, accessibility, availability, and acceptability.
  • We demand that our governments redouble their efforts to guarantee access to life-long, high quality, secular, public, free, inclusive, non-sexist education with a gender and intercultural perspective; in addition, we demand that such education, which should include comprehensive sexuality education for girls, adolescents and young people, be provided in indigenous languages.
  • It is necessary to adopt concrete and effective measures to ensure the right to comprehensive health, particularly in the area of sexual and reproductive health – including the right to legal, safe and free abortion, friendly services for young people and adolescents and access to modern contraceptives—within the framework of public health, sexual and reproductive rights, mental health, with a human rights perspective.
  • We demand measures to accelerate the fight to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls, gender-based violence, and violence against LGBTI groups, with special attention to groups suffering from multiple vulnerabilities.
  • The current state of Latin America and the Caribbean demands special attention to girls, adolescents and young people and other vulnerable groups such as migrants, indigenous, afro-descendants, people with disabilities, those with HIV, the LGBTI population, sex workers, homeless women, and others.
  • We recognize the diverse forms of families, ensuring that all family groups have the protection of the law and access to support systems.
  • It is essential to strengthen the participation of civil society organized in the processes of formulation, design, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of public policies and budgets, with special emphasis on education and health and developing effective participatory mechanisms of accountability and transparency.
  • The gradual expansion of the tax base should be promoted, considering the problem of tax evasion, to increase income and invest in social protection, recognizing the unequal distribution of unpaid work between women and men.
Leer más...

Monday, March 18, 2019

Recommendations in relation to work, social protection and care economy 2/5

Recommendations in relation to work, social protection and care economy

  • It is necessary to generate affirmative action policies in a progressive nature to reduce labor segmentation.
  • Countries have to establish the value produced by each job in order to demand equal salary for equal work of equal value, according to the convene 100 of ILO with the methodology to eliminate the gender bias.
  • Advance in integral and universal systems of care, education and health that reach women of formal, informal and unpaid work, recognizing the trade unions participation and the collective negotiations.
  • Promote the participation of more women in decision-making spaces and in the design of public policies, specifically those related to social protection, recognizing the right to free association.
  • Guarantee universal and non-targeted support for families who have young children.
  • Ensure the Right to pension, universal inclusion: social security and minimum retirement with access to healthcare.
  • Intra-gender gaps: Prioritize coverage’ extension for maternity leave, with criteria of universality. Prioritize the expansion of the number of people covered over the months of leave.
  • Incorporate special licenses that assist women who suffer from violence and protocols of action and priority in housing and labour policies. Support the adoption of the ILO Convention and Recommendation on violence and harassment at work place.
  • Eliminate legal and cultural barriers for informal and self-employed workers for access to universal social protection, especially in the cases of domestic workers, temporary migrants, sex workers / women in prostitution and other sectors.
  • Incorporate the portability of rights for access to social protection for migrants, that is, recognition among countries of their qualification, work and contributions made on each country.
  • That the States require companies that work with outsourced work platforms, including those working with virtual platforms and catalog sales (Uber, Avon, Natura) to comply with national labor, business and fiscal regulations, consistent with the agreements international organizations, especially the ILO.
  • Equalize the birth and care licenses for men and women, same-sex couples, including the LGTBI population, in conditions of obligation for each other.
  • In considering the years of service to access retirement, include weeks quoted for women according to the number of children.
  • Generate law reforms in civil codes to recognize the division of goods to the person who has been responsible for the care and that such person be compensated in the dissolution of the conjugal partnership.
  • Eliminate the formal, legal and cultural barriers in informal work that prevent self-employed and informal workers from accessing social protection, including indigenous and afro descendants.
  • As long as the gender-based wage gap persists, promote affirmative actions of a progressive nature to compensate wage discrimination, for example, establish a rate of return to define the retirement amount for women, which is greater than that of men.
Leer más...

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Latin America & The Caribbean – CSW 63 Civil Society Declaration 1/5

Within the framework of the Preparatory Regional Consultation for Latin America and the Caribbean for the 63rd. Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) meeting in Buenos Aires, from December 10 to 12, 2018, On December 10, around 80 representatives of NGOs and 17 regional networks of women organizations and feminists from Latin America and the Caribbean meet to discuss the main theme for the next CSW63, in order to contribute to the official statement of the consultation, and developed the following recommendations:

Latin America and the Caribbean countries we are experienced important challenges that require the political will of the governments to redouble their efforts and fulfill the commitments taken under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women – CEDAW, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women – Belem do Pará, the Montevideo Consensus and the 2030 Agenda.

As you have already affirmed, Gender Equality is today the main goal in the world and must be recognized as a good for humanity, therefore, there is an urgent need to protect it from attacks and negative propaganda that inhibit the progress made in terms of gender equality.

Democracy and peace are basic conditions for implementation of human rights, but in some countries of the region, democracy is threatened and violations of the rights of women and girls occur, an even the persecution, attacks, and assassinations of women’s human rights defenders. This situation is worsened by the migration processes and the consequence of refugee crisis that, in our region, is predominantly female.

We are also concerned about the return of neoliberal, pro-market economic policies which feed a development model, based on extractivism, that promotes the accumulation of capital. These policies are incompatible with the sustainability of life and, as evidence has shown, especially harmful to women and girls.

This also threaten the partial progress made in the field of social protection, worsening the situation in terms of coverage, quality of benefits and adequacy of transfers.

Therefore, we believe that the link and articulation between civil society and governments should be strengthened, especially with regard to the effective fulfillment of the rights of women and girls based on the commitments taken.

At such a politically and economically complex time, it is necessary that women’s social movements explore the various mechanisms that block these rights, which include the collective action and budget allocation of the social protection items and the defense of women’s rights, with respect to all diversities.

Due to that which is noted above, and taking into account the theme of the next CSW, we suggest taking into account the following recommendations:

PICTURE OF    María Jesús Hernánadez Sánchez

Leer más...

Tuesday, March 5, 2019


March 2, 2019 - Women represent 52% of the European population

Women are cashiers, teachers, maintenance officers, secretaries, nurses, home helpers, nursery assistants, social workers, administrative staff, midwives, hostesses, students… Our business lines
are essential to society. Yet they are poorly paid and their hardship is not recognized.

Women are engineers, technicians, workers, employees or managers. We do the same work as men but with a lower salary.

We are part-time with a part-time salary often because we have no other choice

 Between shopping, cleaning and children, we do an average of 20 hours of household chores per week

 Our work is invisible and devalued. Our salary is 26% lower than that of men. Therefore, from 15:40 we work for free. Every day. 

We are retired and our pension is 40% lower than that of men.

We have been fighting for a long time against the precariousness brought to the forefront with force by the yellow vests.

 We are foreigners, victims of racism, disabled, lesbians, and we suffer from multiple discrimination.

 We are women at work, on the street or at home, we face gender and sexual violence

We are French, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Cypriot, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Russian, English, Irish, Belgian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Romanian, Moldovan, Czech, Azeri, Armenian, Turkish, Swiss, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Latvian, Estonian, and Brazilian, Iranian, Argentinean,  Indian, American, Canadian, Moroccan, Tunisian, Ivorian, Japanese, Chinese, etc.  and we are everywhere in the world in solidarity with all women .

To say that women demand equal rights , our work to be recognized and paid for. To end  violence and guarantee our freedom of choice. To win equality and make our voices heard

These are demands we need to make  to our employers and the government.

We together with other associations call for a feminist strike on March 8, actions of rallies, demonstrations. Let’s disengage at 3:40, Paris hour. Let’s all wear a purple scarf!

PS. We are waiting of the result on the collective complaints against the 15 countries which accept them, for a violation of the European Social Charter on non respect of equal pay for equal job launched by UWE at Strasbourg. European Confederation of Trade Union, EQUINET and European Union are part of the procedure and support it.

Leer más...

Sunday, March 3, 2019


Since December 2018, people in Sudan have taken to the streets in different parts of the country to protest the rapid deterioration of economic and social conditions. Peaceful demonstrations are still taking place and the Sudanese regime is putting all its efforts to quell the growing movement. Authorities’ have combined their efforts by using various military and security forces, including riot police and the National Security and Intelligence Service (NISS) to silence protesters and disperse protests. Authorities used excessive force, live bullets, rubber bullets, tear gas and other weapons. The regime also blocked Internet access in order to limit and hinder communication between protestors. In addition, The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, called on authorities to investigate deaths during protests and detention.

Women human rights defenders have been involved in leading these movements. Their important and vital role is proven by the violent and focused targeting of WHRDs by the Sudanese authorities. At least 70 women human rights defenders were arrested over the span of a month, although some of them were released, more than 16 women human rights defenders are still behind bars, among them: Dr. Ihsan Fegeiri, Dr. Amal Jabrallah, Dr. Hiba Omar Ibrahim, Adeela Al-Zaebaq, in addition to lawyers such as Hanan Nour, Hanadi Fadl, Samia Arqawi, Amani Othman, along with prominent journalists  and WHRDs Somia Ishaq, Intisar, Amani Idriss and many others WHRDs that are risking their lives by peacefully participating in protests and demonstrations in their cities.

7 of the detained WHRDs are in need of immediate medical assistance. Some of them haven’t been allowed to access a lawyer, or to be visited by their families for at least 2 weeks. Dr. Heba Omar Ibrahim was arrested on the 13th of Jan and is being pressured by police officers to give names of HRDs and WHRDs active in the health sector, especially the Sudanese Professional Association, which puts her in a very dangerous and critical situation. In addition, WHRD Zainab Badreddine was threatened by police officers over the phone.

The authorities have been using various tactics. For instance, they have released a group of women human rights defenders, for a short period of time (approximately 10 hours) and re-arrested them, and have detained certain WHRDs for two hours or more in order to intimidate and threaten them. In addition, authorities have also arrested a family member or close relatives to the WHRD as a hostage to pressure her to go into police custody. Sudanese police also threatened to kill a WHRD if she took part in the protests. Hospitals, offices and WHRDs’ houses were targeted by gas bombs.

The Sudanese authorities are trying to hinder the work of women human rights defenders in various ways. It seems that the current objective of the regime is to prevent them from being present in the movements and protest areas. This wave of arrest is a continuation of the authorities’ rigorous targeting of WHRDs since the January 2018 protests. At this time last year, 30 women human rights defenders were arrested, some of them are behind bars today as well, especially lawyers, journalists and WHRDs who work on documenting violations.

The Regional Coalition for Women Human Rights Defenders in the Middle East and North Africa (WHRDMENA) believes that the situation is very critical in Sudan. The Sudanese authorities are already violently hostile to women human rights defenders and their presence in public space. The regime has an established system, known as Public Order, to restrict the movement of women and to impede the work of women human rights defenders by forcing them to be isolated and distanced from the spaces of struggle. The capabilities of women human rights defenders in Sudan are restricted, as they are unable to access legal, psychological and medical assistance, especially under detention. WHRDs are frequently subjected to ill-treatment detention centers. During their detention, their social media accounts are often accessed by police officers. In addition, women human rights defenders are currently being subject to violent smearing campaigns, accusing them of dealing with foreign agencies in order to destabilize Sudan’s internal security.

Under such circumstances, the Regional Coalition condemns the brutality of the Sudanese authorities, their lack of commitment to human rights and their continued attacks on women human rights defenders. The Coalition calls on the authorities to end the violence and to immediately and unconditionally release of all women human rights defenders who have been arbitrarily detained, since no charges have been brought against them until now. The regional Coalition also urges the authorities to put an end to the systematic oppression of women human rights defenders in Sudan.

The Regional Coalition is in solidarity with women human rights defenders in Sudan, and salutes their unprecedented struggle and resistance, despite all threats, risks and smearing campaigns. The Coalition, and the world, is watching brave women human rights defenders in Sudan fight back and resist, and risking their lives while doing so.

In the context of the increasing violations of fundamental human rights committed with impunity in Sudan, the Regional Coalition calls on the regional and international community to stand in solidarity and provide sustained support to women human rights defenders through:

– Demanding the authorities to immediately release of all women human rights defenders and to urgently provide them with urgent medical, psychological and legal services.

– Demanding the authorities to end the targeting of women human rights defenders in all its forms.

– Demanding a transparent and independent investigation into torture and ill-treatment in Sudanese prisons and deaths during protests.


To add your signature, please submit your name or your organization here.
Leer más...

Saturday, February 23, 2019

The men privileged positioning

Leer más...

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

#MyVoiceMatters - Community Voices to End FGM
Leer más...

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

Celebrating 25 years of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women: Call for submissions

With 2019 marking the 25th anniversary of the creation of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, as well as the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), it is also a precursor to the review, in 2020, of a number of key landmark women’s rights instruments, including: 25 years since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action (1995); 20 years since the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security; and 5 years since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (2015).   
Recent years have witnessed a shift in the global landscape representing women’s rights, with the emerging #MeToo and #NiUnaMenos movements and their various manifestations across regions of the world highlighting sexual violence and harassment against women, and the gender inequality triggered by that violence and harassment. The newfound global momentum to end violence against women now faces an upsurge in retrogressive movements and measures.   
Sexual violence and harassment and other challenges to the human rights of women must be addressed through the robust application of international human rights law. International standards need to be embodied in national law, and institutions and procedures must be available to enforce the law.  The challenge remains as to how we can ensure that these standards, along with relevant international and regional human rights standards and mechanisms are fully implemented.
It is within this context that the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Ms. Dubravka Simonovic, considers that this is a key moment in time to reflect on the challenges now facing women in attaining their rights, and to analyse the adequacy of the international legal framework on violence against women with a view to ascertaining how her mandate can address these challenges going forward. 
Taking into consideration the important role that different stakeholders play in reinforcing universal human rights standards, she therefore wishes to secure views from States, National Human Rights Institutions, Non-governmental organizations, as well as members of academia on the following questions:
As we look to the future, please indicate what are the main challenges to addressing violence against women in its various forms; e.g. the institutional and substantive disconnect between the different international instruments; a lack of understanding of the provisions in international law that link gender equality and violence against women; inadequate judicial protocol or recourse and/or legal framework; impunity of perpetrators; stereotypes and the social stigma associated with reporting etc.?
As the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women enters its 25th year, please provide a brief analysis of what your perceptions of the mandate are, highlighting any particular instances where you believe the Special Rapporteur has contributed to the empowerment of women in addressing gender based violence.
Given the changed landscape of women’s rights and the current global challenges in this regard, please indicate what specific measures should be taken to further strengthen the role of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur to accelerate prevention and elimination of violence against women
Please indicate what steps should be taken to ensure that the mandate of the Special Rapporteur can  effectively contribute to ensuring better institutional coordination across the various international and regional violence against women and gender equality mechanisms for the elimination of violence against women
Please specify what measures should be taken to support the initiative of the Special Rapporteur to encourage States to establish femicide watch and/ or observatories
Please indicate what are the opportunities and challenges for strengthening and using the mandate of the Special Rapporteur under the international and regional frameworks to eradicate violence against women and girls, and to accelerate that elimination

Please feel free to respond to one or more questions. All submissions should be sent to by 28 February and will be used to inform the forthcoming report of the Special Rapporteur to the Human Rights Council in June 2019. You are kindly requested to provide your submissions in English, French or Spanish, which are the working languages of the Secretariat.
Leer más...

Friday, February 1, 2019

Intensification of efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls: sexual harassment 3/3

10. Encourages States, in efforts to prevent and eliminate sexual harassment, to work in partnership with the private sector and civil society, including women’s and community-based organizations, faith-based organizations, feminist groups, women human rights defenders, girls’ and youth-led organizations and trade, labour and other professional unions, as well as other relevant stakeholders;  

11. Urges States to ensure the promotion and protection of the human rights of all women and their sexual and reproductive health, and reproductive rights in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development,12 the Beijing Platform for Action11 and the outcome documents of their review conferences, including through the development and enforcement of policies and legal frameworks and the strengthening of health systems that make universally accessible and available quality, comprehensive sexual and reproductive health-care services, commodities, information and education, including safe and effective methods of modern contraception, emergency contraception, prevention programmes for adolescent pregnancy, maternal health care such as skilled birth attendance and emergency obstetric care, which will reduce obstetric fistula and other complications of pregnancy and delivery, safe abortion where such services are permitted by national law, and prevention and treatment of reproductive tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, HIV and reproductive cancers, recognizing that human rights include the right to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health, free from coercion, discrimination and violence;  

12. Calls upon States to take necessary measures to ensure that employers in all sectors are held accountable when they fail to abide by laws and regulations addressing sexual harassment, where they exist;  

13. Also calls upon States to prevent, address and prohibit violence, including sexual harassment, against women and girls in public and political life, including women in leadership positions, journalists and other media workers and human rights defenders, including through practical steps to prevent threats, harassment and violence, and to combat impunity by ensuring that those responsible for violations and abuses, including sexual and gender-based violence and threats, including in digital contexts, are promptly brought to justice and held accountable through impartial investigations;  

14. Further calls upon States to encourage digital technology companies, including Internet service providers and digital platforms, to strengthen or adopt positive measures with a view to eliminating violence and sexual harassment, including sexual harassment in digital contexts;  

15. Encourages States to systematically collect, analyse and disseminate data disaggregated by sex, age and other relevant parameters, including, where appropriate, administrative data from the police, the health sector, the judiciary and other relevant sectors, to consider developing methodologies to collect data on all forms of violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, in, inter alia, digital contexts, in order to monitor all forms of such violence, such as data on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim and geographical location, with the involvement of national statistical offices and, where appropriate, in partnership with other actors, including law enforcement agencies, in order to effectively review and implement laws, policies, strategies and preventive and protective measures, while ensuring and maintaining the privacy and the confidentiality of the victims; 

 16. Urges the international community to fulfil its commitment to supporting developing countries, particularly African countries, the least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in strengthening the capacity of national statistical offices and data systems to ensure access to highquality, timely, reliable and disaggregated data, while ensuring national ownership in supporting and tracking progress on, inter alia, efforts to address violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment;  

17. Also urges the international community, including the United Nations system and, as appropriate, regional and subregional organizations, to support national efforts to promote the empowerment of women and girls and gender equality in order to enhance international efforts to eliminate violence against women and girls, through, inter alia, official development assistance and other appropriate assistance, such as facilitating the sharing of guidelines, methodologies and best practices, taking into account national priorities;  

18. Calls upon States to promote the full and effective participation of women and, as appropriate, girls in the development, implementation and monitoring of policies, programmes and other initiatives aimed at preventing and responding to violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment;  

19. Stresses the need to take necessary measures to ensure that no individual working within the United Nations system, including its agencies, funds, programmes and entities, should be involved in sexual harassment, too often perpetrated against those affected by humanitarian crises, and recognizes the efforts of the United Nations system in this regard;  

20. Encourages humanitarian assistance agencies and non-governmental organizations to adopt and implement policies to prevent, address and prohibit sexual harassment within their organizations;  

21. Stresses that, within the United Nations system, adequate resources should be assigned to the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) and other bodies, specialized agencies, funds and programmes responsible for the promotion of gender equality, the empowerment of women and the human rights of women and girls and to efforts throughout the United Nations system to prevent and eliminate violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, and calls upon the United Nations system to make the necessary support and resources available;  

22. Also stresses the importance of the Secretary-General’s Global Database on Violence against Women, expresses its appreciation to all those States that have provided the Database with information regarding, inter alia, their national policies and legal frameworks aimed at eliminating violence against women and girls and supporting victims of such violence, strongly encourages all States to regularly provide updated information for the Database, and calls upon all relevant entities of the United Nations system to continue to support States, at their request, in the compilation and regular updating of pertinent information and to raise awareness of the Database among all relevant stakeholders, including civil society;  

23. Calls upon all United Nations bodies, entities, funds and programmes and the specialized agencies and invites the Bretton Woods institutions to intensify their efforts at all levels to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls and to better coordinate their work, with a view to increasing effective support for national efforts to prevent and eliminate sexual harassment; 

 24. Requests the Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on violence against women, its causes and consequences to present an annual report to the General Assembly at its seventy-fourth and seventy-fifth sessions;  

25. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its seventy-fifth session a report containing:  (a) Information provided by the United Nations bodies, funds and programmes and the specialized agencies on their follow-up activities to implement resolution 71/170 and the present resolution, including on their assistance to States in their efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls;  (b) Information provided by States on their follow-up activities to implement the present resolution;  

26. Also requests the Secretary-General to present an oral report to the Commission on the Status of Women at its sixty-third and sixty-fourth sessions, including information provided by the United Nations bodies, funds and programmes and the specialized agencies on recent follow-up activities to implement resolutions 69/147 and 71/170 and the present resolution, and urges United Nations bodies, entities, funds and programmes and the specialized agencies to contribute promptly to that report;  

27. Decides to continue its consideration of the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls at its seventy-fifth session under the item entitled “Advancement of women”. 

55th plenary meeting  17 December 2018 

Leer más...

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Intensification of efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls: sexual harassment 2/3

1. Strongly condemns all forms of violence against all women and girls, including sexual harassment, recognizing that it is an impediment to the achievement of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls and to the full realization of their human rights;  

2. Acknowledges that sexual harassment is a form of violence and a violation and abuse of human rights that is likely to result in physical, psychological, sexual, economic or social harm or suffering;  

3. Stresses that sexual harassment encompasses a continuum of unacceptable and unwelcome behaviours and practices of a sexual nature that may include, but are not limited to, sexual suggestions or demands, requests for sexual favours and sexual, verbal or physical conduct or gestures, that are or might reasonably be perceived as offensive or humiliating;  

4. Urges States to condemn violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, and reaffirms that they should not invoke any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their obligations with respect to its elimination and should pursue, by all appropriate means and without delay, a policy of eliminating violence against women, as set out in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women;9 

 5. Calls upon States to address discrimination based on multiple and intersecting factors, which places women and girls at greater risk of exploitation, violence and abuse, and to take appropriate action to empower and protect them as well as achieve their full enjoyment of human rights without discrimination;  
6. Notes that efforts by civil society organizations in eliminating violence against women and girls are complementary to those of Governments, and in this regard urges States to support, where possible, non-State-led initiatives aimed at promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls and at preventing, responding to and protecting women and girls from sexual harassment;  

7. Encourages national legislative authorities and political parties, as appropriate, to adopt codes of conduct and reporting mechanisms, or revise existing ones, stating zero tolerance by these legislative authorities and political parties for sexual harassment, intimidation and any other form of violence against women in politics;  

8. Urges States to take effective action to prevent and eliminate sexual harassment against women and girls and to address structural and underlying causes and risk factors, including by:  
(a) Designing and implementing appropriate domestic policies that are aimed at transforming discriminatory social attitudes and social and cultural patterns of conduct that condone violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, with a view to preventing and eliminating, in all public and private spheres, discrimination, gender stereotypes, negative social norms, attitudes and behaviours, and unequal power relations by which women and girls are regarded as subordinate to men and boys and that underlie and perpetuate male domination;  
(b) Implementing, in partnership with all relevant stakeholders, effective violence prevention and response activities in schools and communities, educating children from a young age regarding the importance of treating all people with dignity and respect, and designing educational programmes and teaching materials that support gender equality, respectful relationships and non-violent behaviour;  
(c) Engaging men and boys in challenging gender stereotypes and negative social norms, attitudes and behaviours that underlie and perpetuate such violence and in developing and implementing measures that reinforce non-violent actions, attitudes and values, and encouraging men and boys, as agents and beneficiaries of change in the achievement of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, to take an active part and become their strategic partners and allies in efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against women and girls; 
(d) Developing policies and programmes with the support, where appropriate, of international organizations, civil society and non-governmental organizations, giving priority to formal, informal and non-formal education programmes, including scientifically accurate and age-appropriate comprehensive education that is relevant to cultural contexts, that provides adolescent girls and boys and young women and men in and out of school, consistent with their evolving capacities, and with appropriate direction and guidance from parents and legal guardians, with the best interests of the child as their basic concern, information on sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention, gender equality and women’s empowerment, human rights, physical, psychological and pubertal development and power in relationships between women and men, to enable them to build self-esteem and foster informed decision-making, communication and risk-reduction skills and to develop respectful relationships, in full partnership with young persons, parents, legal guardians, caregivers, educators and health-care providers, in order to, inter alia, enable them to protect themselves from HIV infection and other risks; 

 (e) Developing, adopting, strengthening and implementing legislation and policies that address the issue of sexual harassment in a comprehensive manner by, inter alia, prohibiting and considering, where appropriate, criminalizing sexual harassment, exercising due diligence by taking protective and preventive measures, ensuring appropriate complaints mechanisms and reporting procedures, as well as accountability and access to effective, timely and appropriate remedies, including through adequate enforcement by the police and the judiciary of civil remedies, orders of protection and, where applicable, criminal sanctions in order to eliminate impunity and avoid revictimization;
  (f) Accelerating efforts to develop, review and strengthen inclusive and gender-responsive policies, including by allocating adequate resources, to address the structural and underlying causes of sexual harassment against women and girls, to overcome gender stereotypes and negative social norms, to encourage the media to examine the impact of gender-role stereotypes, including those perpetuated by commercial advertisements, that foster gender-based violence, sexual exploitation and inequalities, to promote zero tolerance for such violence and to remove the stigma of being a victim and survivor of violence, thus creating an enabling and accessible environment where women and girls can easily report incidents of violence and make use of the services available, including protection and assistance programmes;  
(g) Taking measures to ensure that all officials, including those in leadership positions, responsible for implementing policies and programmes aimed at preventing violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, protecting and assisting the victims and investigating and punishing acts of violence receive ongoing, adequate and gender- and culturally sensitive training to be aware of genderspecific needs, as well as of the underlying causes and short- and long-term impact of sexual harassment; 
 (h) Removing barriers, including political, legal, cultural, social, economic, institutional and religious ones, preventing women’s full, equal and effective participation in leadership and political and other decision-making positions, taking into account that promoting women to leadership positions may significantly reduce the risk of sexual harassment;  
(i) Taking measures to ensure that all workplaces are free from discrimination and exploitation, violence, and sexual harassment and bullying and that they address discrimination and violence against women and girls, as appropriate, through such measures as regulatory and oversight frameworks and reforms, collective agreements, codes of conduct, including appropriate disciplinary measures, protocols and procedures, and referral of cases of violence to health services for treatment and to police for investigation, as well as through awareness-raising and capacity-building, in collaboration with employers, unions and workers, including through workplace services and flexibility for victims and survivors;  
(j) Taking measures to improve the safety of girls at and on the way to and from school, including by creating a safe and violence-free environment by improving infrastructure, such as transportation, providing hygienic, separate and adequate sanitation facilities, improved lighting, playgrounds and safe environments and adopting policies to prevent, address and prohibit sexual harassment through all appropriate measures; 

9. Also urges States to take effective action to protect victims of all forms of violence, including sexual harassment, including by:  

(a) Providing relevant, comprehensive and victim-centred legal protection to support and assist victims of violence, including sexual harassment, in a gendersensitive manner, including victim and witness protection from reprisals for bringing 
Intensification of efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls: sexual harassment complaints or giving evidence, within the framework of their national legal systems, including, as appropriate, legislative or other measures throughout the criminal and civil justice system, as appropriate, paying particular attention to women and girls facing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination;  
(b) Establishing comprehensive, coordinated, interdisciplinary, accessible and sustained multisectoral services, programmes and responses for all victims and survivors of all forms of violence, including sexual harassment, that are adequately resourced, that are, when possible, in a language that they understand and in which they can communicate and that include effective and coordinated action by, as appropriate, relevant stakeholders, such as the police and the justice sector, as well as providers of legal aid services, health services, shelters, medical and psychological assistance, counselling services and protection, and, in cases of girl victims, ensuring that such services, programmes and responses take into account the best interests of the child;  
(c) Establishing and/or strengthening law enforcement, health and social workers’ and counsellors’ response protocols and procedures to ensure that all appropriate actions are taken to protect and respond to the needs of victims of violence, including sexual harassment, to identify acts of violence and to prevent their recurrence or further acts of violence and physical and psychological harm, ensuring that services are responsive to the survivors’ needs, including by providing access to female health-care providers, police officers and counsellors if requested, and ensuring and maintaining the privacy of victims and the confidentiality of their reporting;
Leer más...

Monday, January 28, 2019

Intensification of efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls: sexual harassment 1/3

 The General Assembly,  Recalling its resolutions 61/143 of 19 December 2006, 62/133 of 18 December 2007, 63/155 of 18 December 2008, 64/137 of 18 December 2009, 65/187 of 21 December 2010, 67/144 of 20 December 2012, 69/147 of 18 December 2014 and all its previous resolutions on the elimination of violence against women, as well as its resolution 71/170 of 19 December 2016 on the intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls,  Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1 and noting that 2018 marks its seventieth anniversary,  Reaffirming also the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,2 and noting that 2018 marks its twenty-fifth anniversary,  Recalling Human Rights Council resolution 38/5 of 5 July 2018, entitled “Accelerating efforts to eliminate violence against women and girls: preventing and responding to violence against women and girls in digital contexts”,3  Taking note of the agreed conclusions of the Commission on the Status of Women at its sixty-first session4 and Commission resolution 61/1 of 24 March 2017 on preventing and eliminating sexual harassment in the workplace,

 Reaffirming the obligation of all States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, and reaffirming also that discrimination on the basis of sex is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 6  the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,6 the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women7 and the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Optional Protocols thereto,8 

Reaffirming also the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women,9  the Beijing Declaration10  and Platform for Action,11  the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development12  and the outcomes of their review conferences, and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,13  

Recalling the commitment to eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation, contained in Sustainable Development Goal 5, in particular target 5.2,14 and taking into account the commitment to leave no one behind,  

Deeply concerned about violence against women and girls in all its different forms and manifestations worldwide, which is underrecognized and underreported, particularly at the community level, and its pervasiveness, which reflects discriminatory norms that reinforce stereotypes and gender inequality and the corresponding impunity and lack of accountability, reiterating the need to intensify efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls in the public and private spheres in all regions of the world, and re-emphasizing that violence against women and girls violates, and impairs their full enjoyment of, all human rights,  

Recognizing that violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, is rooted in historical and structural inequality in power relations between men and women, seriously violates and impairs or nullifies the enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by women and girls and constitutes a major impediment to their full, equal and effective participation in society, as well as economic and political life,  
Bearing in mind that sexual harassment in private and public spaces, including in educational institutions and the workplace, as well as in digital contexts, leads to a hostile environment, which has a further negative impact on women and girls in the enjoyment of their rights and equal opportunities, has negative physical and mental health consequences for the victims and may negatively affect their families, 

 Recognizing the particular risk of sexual harassment faced by women and girls who suffer multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination,  Acknowledging that sexual harassment may be committed against girls who are working in accordance with national legislation or under other circumstances, while condemning child labour in all its forms, and reaffirming Member States’ obligations in accordance with international law to protect children, including from economic exploitation,  

Recognizing that women and girls are frequently subjected to violence, including sexual harassment, at work and that women and girls face increased risks of violence, including sexual harassment, in particular contexts, such as when working alone, when working in male-dominated workplaces, when working outside the normal working hours or when working in the same place where they live, bearing in mind the large number of women and girls worldwide who have reported being victims of sexual harassment in their workplace, and concerned that, owing to underreporting, the actual number may be much greater,  

Stressing the need to change social norms that condone violence against women and girls in the workplace, including through, but not limited to, training and awareness-raising campaigns conducted in the workplace, associated with a change in attitudes and increased knowledge about sexual harassment, particularly among men and boys,  

Deeply concerned that school-related violence against girls, including sexual violence and harassment on the way to and from and at school, such as violence perpetrated by school staff, including teachers, and other pupils, continues to deter girls from accessing and pursuing an education and, in many cases, the transition to and completion of secondary education, and that these risks may influence the decision of parents to allow girls to attend school,  
Underscoring that often lack of information and awareness, fear of reprisals, persisting impunity, insufficient recourse for violence against women and girls and negative social norms, including when leading to shame or stigma, as well as negative economic consequences, such as, inter alia, loss of livelihood or reduced income, prevent many women and, as applicable, girls from reporting or acting as witnesses and from seeking redress and justice in cases of sexual harassment,  

Deeply concerned about all acts of violence, including sexual harassment, against women and girls involved in political and public life, including women in leadership positions, journalists and other media workers and human rights defenders,  

Recognizing that the growing impact of violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, in digital contexts, especially on social media, its impunity and the lack of preventive measures and remedies underline the need for action by Member States, in partnership with relevant stakeholders, and that such violence may include stalking, death threats and threats of sexual and gender-based violence, as well as related trends against women and girls in digital contexts, such as trolling, cyberbullying and other forms of cyberharassment, including unwanted verbal or non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature, with a view to discrediting women and girls and/or inciting other violations and abuses against them,  

Acknowledging the importance of combating trafficking in persons in order to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, and in this regard stressing the importance of the full and effective implementation of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime,15 as well as of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons,16 

 Emphasizing that the lack or inadequacy of documentation, research and data, including disaggregated data, on sexual harassment against women and girls impedes efforts to design and implement measures, including, where appropriate, policies and legislation, to prevent and eliminate this form of violence,  

Stressing that laws addressing violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, are often of limited scope, that those addressing sexual harassment do not cover many workplaces, such as those of domestic workers, including migrant domestic workers, and that gaps need to be addressed,  

Stressing also that, while the obligation and the primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms lie with the State, employers and education providers have the primary responsibility to take measures to prevent sexual harassment in the workplace and at educational institutions, respectively,  

Stressing further that States, employers and education providers should take immediate, appropriate corrective action after sexual harassment has occurred by holding perpetrators to account and providing access to timely and appropriate remedies and protection for victims and witnesses, bearing in mind that victims of sexual harassment may be subjected to further discrimination or reprisals,  Recognizing the increase in public awareness and advocacy on sexual harassment, and stressing the need to accelerate government action to tackle sexual harassment,  

Highlighting the crucial role that educational and awareness-raising programmes, policies and legislation play in preventing and eliminating sexual harassment against women and girls,  

Stressing the need to fully engage men and boys as strategic partners and allies in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls and in preventing and eliminating sexual harassment,  Recognizing the critical contribution of family members in combating violence against women and girls, including sexual harassment, by, inter alia, providing for a supportive environment for the empowerment of all women and girls, and that, in preventing such violence, the family can play an important role,
Leer más...

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Language Has Political Power - Terms of Reference for CSW


Language is not just semantics. It has political power. And, ultimately, language agreed within
the UN by governments can influence and often lead to programs and policies on the ground.
Leer más...

Friday, January 11, 2019


228. The information gathered by the IACHR through its different human rights protection and promotion mechanisms corroborates that indigenous women have faced and continue to confront multiple forms of discrimination based on their gender, ethnicity, and situation of poverty, which heightens their exposure to human rights violations in different contexts. In this report, the Commission provides an analysis of the general human rights situation of indigenous women in the hemisphere, identifying areas where challenges must be addressed, as well as providing guidelines for States to use when designing and implementing measures to respect and ensure indigenous women’s human rights.

229. The IACHR recognizes the efforts made by various States of the region to address the situation of indigenous women’s human rights. However, formidable barriers still remain and it is essential that States continue working to find solutions to meet the particular needs of indigenous women and to fully respect and guarantee all of their human rights. It is important to include indigenous women and the organizations that represent them in the design and monitoring of State measures intended to advance their human rights, and to incorporate a holistic, gender, and ethno-racial approach, as described in this report.

230. Indigenous women also encounter different forms of discrimination and violence in their own communities. Consequently, indigenous justice systems must be compatible with internationally recognized human rights, just as State justice systems are required to be. Accordingly, they also have the duty to act with due diligence in preventing, investigating, and punishing violence against women, as well as to implement any necessary measures to eradicate the obstacles that prevent indigenous women from fully exercising their human rights without discrimination. 

231. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights concludes this report with ten recommendations to assist States in their ongoing efforts to prevent and respond to human rights violations affecting indigenous women, and confirms its disposition to collaborate in this process:
  • 1. Design, adopt, and implement an action plan to repeal the domestic legal provisions that are inconsistent with the guiding principles laid out above, and refrain from adopting laws incompatible with these guiding principles. Incorporate in all laws and policies that affect indigenous women a holistic approach to address the multiple and interconnected forms of discrimination encountered by them in different contexts, protecting both their individual and collective rights. The holistic approach must recognize the special role played by indigenous women in their communities, with a view to transform and rectify the structural and historical forms of discrimination affecting them;
  • 2. Design, adopt, and implement a gender-based, ethno-racial, and intercultural perspective to prevent, investigate, prosecute, and punish all forms of violence against indigenous women. The gender-based, ethno-racial, and intercultural perspective must also be incorporated into the formulation of reparations so they have a transformative effect on the multiple and interconnected forms of discrimination faced by indigenous women;
  • 3. Generate spaces of coordination between the State justice systems and traditional indigenous justice systems to incorporate a gender and intercultural perspective to improve the judicial protection of indigenous women when they suffer human rights violations. These spaces must promote the active participation of indigenous women in the systems of administration of justice and in the development of approaches to reparations;
  • 4. In accordance with the right to self-determination, adopt appropriate measures to ensure the civil and political rights associated with indigenous women’s exercise of full citizenship;  and create spaces for the full and active participation of indigenous women in the design and implementation of initiatives, programs, and policies at all levels of government; those related to indigenous women, as well as those related generally to indigenous peoples as a whole;
  • 5. Identify and institutionalize new forms of gender and cultural competency training for public servants from all sectors of government, including lawyers, judges, and teachers, in order to fully guarantee indigenous women’s right to live free from violence and make sure that, in the performance of their duties, public servants fully respect the physical and psychological integrity of indigenous women;
  • 6. Incorporate a gender and intercultural perspective in guaranteeing the right to a dignified life, free from discrimination; recognize that the right to a dignified life includes recognition of indigenous conceptions of community, culture, and family life; and therefore, revise its public policies, programs, and legislation in order to eradicate all forms of discrimination against indigenous women, and adequately reflect a gender and intercultural perspective;
  • 7. Adopt all appropriate measures to promote and protect indigenous women’s economic, social, and cultural rights with the goal of ensuring full access to basic health and education services, food, and water, among other things. This includes guaranteeing the use and enjoyment of their ancestral lands and territories, ensuring their collective rights to ownership of their ancestral lands via titling, delimitation, demarcation and possession, as these steps are fundamental to the physical and cultural survival of indigenous peoples;
  • 8. Produce comprehensive and disaggregated statistics on violence and discrimination against indigenous women, their access to justice, and their access to economic, social and cultural rights, as well as other quantitative and qualitative information that may be relevant to ensure their human rights; periodically update them to provide an accurate picture of the situation of violence and discrimination affecting indigenous women; and consider this information to design government policies and programs to effectively combat violence and discrimination against indigenous women, as well as to promote access to justice and the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights;
  • 9. Adopt special and differentiated measures for the protection of the lives and safety of indigenous women human rights defenders and leaders, in view of the three tiers of vulnerability faced by them as women, members of indigenous communities, and often living in situations of poverty;
  • 10. Ensure the application of each of the seven guiding principles detailed previously in this report when designing and implementing policies that affect indigenous women.
Leer más...