Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Romania, labour market gender

As for Romania, the overall female employment rate decreased by 453,500 units (10.8%) in the reporting period. This trend affected all economic sectors but has been particularly relevant for: mining and quarrying (40%); construction (36.6%); electricity and gas (26.5%); manufacturing (24.5%); and education (27.1%). On the whole, male employment was less affected than the female one; the male employment rate decreased by 7.1%, with the most critical situation concerning the following sectors: agriculture and forestry sector (34%); electricity and gas (27.1%); mining and quarrying (24.3%); and healthcare and social services (22.1%). Female jobs have been seriously affected particularly in male-dominated sectors: this trend caused a serious increase in gender segregation.

 Regarding childcare, 6% of children under three years were covered by formal childcare services in 2013. The total coverage for children between three years and compulsory school age was 51% in 2013, while the coverage of formal childcare services for children from compulsory school age up to 12 years was 88% in 2013. 

As for the GEI, Romania has always shown a poor performance in gender equality: the score further decreased between 2005–2010 and 2010–2012 when the GEI score was 33.7. As for the Sub-index Work, the Romanian score is closer to the EU average even though the score dropped by 3.7 points in the reporting period (from 65.3 in 2005 to 61.6 in 2012). The downward trend was more relevant between 2005 and 2010 mainly due to the decrease in the gender segregation component of the Sub-index Work (-4.9 points). 

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