Monday, July 10, 2017

Policy frameworks 4/15

26. Fourteen States6 reported that they had adopted specific policies, strategies or action plans at the national level. Some States referred to policies, strategies or action plans focusing on specific issues like trafficking in persons or specific groups like migrants or aboriginal women. For example, Belgium had adopted a new National Action Plan against trafficking and trafficking in human beings. Canada reported on a draft justice framework intended to help federal, provincial and territorial justice officials, aboriginal organizations, and other partners work together to address violence against aboriginal women, including missing and murdered aboriginal women.

27. Other States referred to broader strategies and action plans on gender equality and equity. For example, Japan adopted its Third Basic Plan in December 2010, which formulated practical actions and concrete policy measures for accelerating the development of gender equality, including in the priority area of eliminating all forms of violence against women. Angola reported on its National Policy on Gender Equality and Equity, requiring State, private and civil society institutions to observe gender-related principles in development programmes, plans and projects.

28. Most responding States had established policies, strategies or action plans for reducing different forms of violence against women and girls. One State (Mexico) had developed a specific strategy to address gender-related killing, focusing on prevention, protection and assistance, coordination between different levels of government and civil society participation.

29. Angola made reference to its Executive Plan against Domestic Violence.

30. Australia’s National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children was released in February 2011, bringing together the efforts of government across Australia and the community.

31. Belgium reported on its fourth national plan of action against intimate partner violence and other forms of domestic violence 2010-2014. Previously limited to intimate partner violence, its scope now included also forced marriages,  honour-related violence and female genital mutilation. An update of the plan was adopted on 10 June 2013. In addition, a working group on sexual violence was set up to prepare the integration of this component in the next multiannual national action plan 2014-2018.

32. Ecuador adopted a policy and a national plan to eradicate gender violence against women, children and adolescents. The national plan focused on the transformation of cultural patterns (by raising awareness of discrimination as the basis of unequal and violent relationships between men and women), comprehensive protection, assistance and access to justice for victims of domestic violence. It also highlighted the importance of reliable data, awareness-raising and training measures, allocation of stable and sustainable budgets, sectoral coordination, monitoring and evaluation.

33. Germany reported on the Second Action Plan of the Federal Government to Combat Violence against Women, which provided an overall concept and framework for tackling the current challenges in the protection of women against violence. The plan aimed at making the fight against violence more effective and at improving the protection afforded to the affected women. The Action Plan encompassed over 130 federal Government measures and programmes in the form of prevention, federal legislation, assistance systems to support and counsel women affected by violence, national networking of the support system, cooperation between State institutions and non-governmental support services, work with offenders, qualification and awareness-raising, research, cooperation at the European and international levels, and support measures for women in foreign States. The Action Plan paid particular attention to the situation of women with a migrant background and women with disabilities, as well as focusing on medical care.

34. Italy referred to the envisaged adoption of an Extraordinary Action Plan against Sexual and Gender-Based Violence by its Ministry of Equal Opportunities, as mandated by article 5 of Decree Law No. 93/2013.

35. Saudi Arabia reported on its comprehensive national plan for the dissemination of a human rights culture, which included a focus on human rights principles and standards and aimed to address social issues linked to human rights violations and wrongful practices, taking into account all age groups (from childhood to adulthood) and the social groups in question, such as children and women.

36. Slovenia adopted a Resolution on the National Programme of Family Violence Prevention, a strategic document stipulating the objectives, measures and bodies in charge of policies for the prevention and reduction of family violence in the country for the period 2009-2014. The document attempts to integrate the measures of different ministries in curbing family violence with activities aimed at its identification and prevention. Specific tasks and activities for the implementation of objectives and measures are stipulated in biennial action plans

37. Tunisia made reference to the establishment of a national strategy against violence against women.

38. Turkey reported on its National Action Plan on Combating Domestic  Violence for 2012-2015, which aimed at fostering improvements in the area of legislation, public awareness, delivery of protective and health services and  inter-institutional cooperation, and was prepared with the contribution and participation of relevant public institutions, NGOs and academia under the coordination of the Directorate-General on the Status of Women.

39. In the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, relevant measures were taken on the basis of the strategy “Call to End Violence against Women and Girls” of 2010, which applied to England and was accompanied by an annual action plan.7 The strategy aimed at: (i) preventing violence from happening in the first place by challenging the attitudes and behaviours which foster it, and intervening early where possible to prevent it; (ii) providing adequate levels of support where violence does occur; working in partnership to obtain the best outcome for victims and their families; (iii) reducing the risk to women and girls who are victims of these crimes; and (iv) ensuring that perpetrators are brought to justice. A new national rape action plan set out clear commitments to address rape cases, focusing on prevention and responses by the criminal justice system. In Northern Ireland, a gender-neutral “Domestic and Sexual Violence and Abuse Strategy” 2014-2020 was adopted to improve services and support for all victims and witnesses, and ensure perpetrators are held responsible. The Strategy focused on social change, prevention and early intervention, support, protection and justice for victims.

40. In the State of Palestine, a National Strategy to Combat Violence against Women was adopted for the period 2011-2019, aiming at enhancing social and legal protection for women victims of violence and at enhancing prevention mechanisms and legal reforms to end violence against women.

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